It is a well-known fact that water is a scarce resource. In the twenty first century, it is being predicted that countries will fight over water resources. At the international level, many countries are fighting for sharing of river water. Such friction for water sharing surely exists between various states, districts and localities. The question of water sharing arises only when there is some water available in the water bodies. A day may come when all the water bodies will be lost and we will have nothing to share.
India is the largest user of groundwater in the World, after China. More than 85% of drinking water and 60% of irrigated agriculture supplies are dependent on groundwater supply. Groundwater is preferred due to the low cost involved. Due to the depleting levels of water, efforts have to be made to recharge the underground water table.
Massive damage to the ecosystem, Western Ghats has cost us heavily and we are experiencing lesser rain fall every passing year. As citizens of this country and as members of this earth, all of us need to make a pledge to conserve water. Some of the positive steps that can be taken by the citizens:
- Planting of saplings, thereby helping in rainfall
- Presenting saplings, instead of presenting flowers and bouquets
- Protecting the existing trees in urban areas
- Conservation of forests and afforestation
- Water conservation at homes
- Water conservation in public places
- Recycling of water
- Water harvesting
- Rejuvenation of lakes by citizens groups
- Avoiding wasting of drinking water for washing of vehicles
- Implementing drip irrigation for gardens and lawns
- Watering the plants during early mornings helps avoid evaporation
- Fixing of leaky pipes
- Using of water efficient flushes for toilets
- Using water saving adapters to showers and taps
- Creating awareness about water conservation with fellow citizens
Rainwater harvesting is one of the easiest ways of achieving self sufficiency of water for the households. The water that flows from the terraces goes down the drains and mixes with the sewage water, thereby wasting all the water. This water, if harvested can be used for watering the plants and for all domestic activities. Water harvesting can even be tried in agricultural fields.
Water Conservation in Agricultural Lands
Since 70-80% of the water is used for agricultural purposes, efforts must be made to conserve water by the farmers. Farmers can also undertake water harvesting and recharging of wells and bore-wells. These steps will minimize farmers’ dependency on water bodies. Since the lands are scattered, collective efforts should be made to build small ponds for collection of rain water. Ponds and lakes that are filled with silt should be removed and the water holding capacity can be increased. There are many villages that have collectively taken up such measures and are able to withstand drought conditions.
Come, let us make our contribution in conserving water.